South Africa’s Top 5 Historic Wine Estates

South Africa has one of the most tourist-friendly new world wine industries. Its 300-year-long history began shortly after the first Dutch contingent arrived to create a refreshment station at the Cape of Good Hope, and it continues to this day.

The Dutch did not have much success, and the colony’s few wine farms muddled along until the arrival of the French Huguenots in the late 1600s. The options for touring the Cape Winelands are many. Other than hiring a car and staying at accommodation on estates, you can book into a hotel or guesthouse in the village of Franschhoek, or you can stay in Cape Town or another town, and join an organised day trip. These are the top historic estates to put on your itinerary.

Rustenberg, Stellenbosch

The viticulture potential of the land on which Rustenberg wine estate stands in Stellenbosch was first recognised in 1682. When production began is not clear, but there is a 1692 record that shows a bottle of brandy was sold. 100 years later, the estate was producing approximately 6000 cases of wine. The estate is famous for its Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon. It would go down a treat at the top racing events that you can bet on at the best horse betting sites.

Groot and Klein Constantia, Constantia

Regardless of when Rustenburg’s potential was recognized, Constantia actually is the oldest wine-producing area in South Africa. Simon van der Stel founded it in 1685. The estate was divided over time, with the largest portion eventually being split into the estates still known as Groot (big) and Klein (little) Constantia.Beautiful gardens, rolling hills covered in vineyards and sublime views are all part of the Constantia wine route.

Boschendal, Drakenstein Valley

The history of Boschendal began in 1685, when the Dutch East India Company gave the land to Jean le Long. In 1688, he sold the estate in the Drakenstein Valley near Franschhoek to Abraham de Villiers, who in turn sold it to his brother Jacques de Villiers. It remained in the family until 1879, when it was bought by Cecil John Rhodes, who turned it into a fruit farm. Wine production resumed in 1969, after Anglo American bought the estate. A consortium of investors now owns Boschendal. The picturesque estate is famous not only for its wines, but for the quality of its restaurant that serves everything from caviar to local dishes, accommodation, other facilities, and activities.

Meerlust, Stellenbosch

Founded by Henning Huising in 1693, the Meerlust Estate near Stellenbosch was bought by the Myburgh family in 1756, who have owned it ever since. Various accommodation options are available, and there are mountain bike and hiking trails to help you work up a thirst. The estate produces red and white wines. The Bordeaux-style Rubicon blend comes highly recommended.

Rust enVrede, Stellenbosch

Willem van der Stel founded Rust enVrede (rest and peace) in 1694. It also was divided, but the larger of the two sections continued under the name. For decades, the estate did not produce any wine, but that changed in 1977, when former Springbok rugby player, Jannie Engelbrecht, bought it. The estate’s cabernet sauvignon, merlot, and syrah are always well received.


Essential Food Safety for Travelers

Whether travelers’ food poisoning is known as Delhi Belly, Montezuma’s Revenge, or the Tokyo Trots, the digestive problems it can cause have the power to ruin a holiday. There is no way guaranteed to prevent the ailment unless you stay home, but by following essential food safety tips, you can decrease your chances of being exposed to its causes.

The top tips for food safety while traveling can help protect you from more than a bout of vomiting and diarrhea. They also can help minimize your chances of being exposed to diseases such as hepatitis A and typhoid. Food poisoning is more common in developing countries, especially those in Africa and Southeast Asia. Poor personal hygiene, low standards of food storage and production, and contaminated water supplies are largely responsible for the high instances of food poisoning in those regions.

  1. Wash Your Hands

Almost every lesson in good personal hygiene begins with hand washing. When traveling, it is especially important to wash your hands with soap or sanitize and warm water at every available opportunity. Taking a small bottle of water-free soap or hand sanitize also can help keep your hands clean, so the odds of beating germs and infection are more in your favor.

  1. Be Flexible With Your Diet

The food and beverages that people enjoy when they play Aussie slots games online may be alright at home, but, depending on what they are, they may pose serious risks abroad. Be prepared to be flexible without going wild. Avoiding the prawns that you would have eaten if you were at home is no reason to choose the most exotic dish on the menu because the consequences could be just as dire.

  1. Avoid Certain Foods

Although you are not likely to get travelers’ diarrhoea every time you eat certain foods, some items are best avoided when traveling. They include uncooked eggs, fish, meat, and shellfish, as well as exotic meats such as bushmeat, bat, and monkey. Consider avoiding salad and other raw produce, and buy what you do eat from reliable restaurants, vendors, and outlets. Avoid buffets when traveling. Apart from not offering the freshest food that is on offer has usually been reheated several times before being kept at the incorrect temperature.

  1. Beware of Water

Avoid drinking tap water, as well as drinks and even ice made from it, when traveling. Take a reusable bottle with you, and then use apps to help you find purified drinking water. You also can take water purification tablets with you.

  1. Take Over-the-Counter Medication

Take over-the-counter medication that provides relief from vomiting, diarrhea, and other food poisoning symptoms when you travel. If you do fall ill, you will at least have some means of immediate relief. If Delhi Belly does strike, you also should drink purified water to stay hydrated.

  1. Take Non-Perishable Food

Pack a few non-perishable food items into your luggage before setting off on your trip, even if they deviate from your usual diet choices. They could be a lifeline if you find yourself in a place in which your only food option is one you would rather avoid.


5 Best Destinations For Fantasy Fans

Destinations associated with favourite fantasy books and movies offer holidays that can be truly unforgettable. Writers have been inspired by all sorts of locations, and there are many from which to choose.

The problem with being spoiled for choice is knowing where to start looking, and then deciding where to go. A good place to begin is to take a look at a few of the best fantasy book and movie holiday destinations for inspiration, and then take it from there.

Game of Thrones, Croatia

Although Game of Thrones was not filmed entirely in Croatia, the city of Dubrovnik conveys a sense of the hit series in a way that none of the other locations do. While there, which fans will recognize as Kings Landing, you can do walking tours that take you to Blackwater Bay and to the Old Town. Altogether, there are about 19 different locations in the city, so you should be kept busy for a few days.

Lord of the Rings, New Zealand

Peter Jackson filmed much of his stunning interpretations of J.R.R. Tolkien’s masterpieces, the Lord of the Rings and the Hobbit, in New Zealand. If you head to the beautiful island country, you can go on studio and set tours that are as exciting as what betting sites in New Zealand have to offer. You can explore Bilbo’s house and other places in Hobbiton, as well as the Mill, and the Green Dragon Inn. It also is possible to visit places in which Isengard and Rivendell’s scenes were shot.

Roswell UFO Museum, USA

In 1947, something crashed into the New Mexico desert. The wreckage, reported to include rubber, sticks, and tinfoil, was collected by the US military, and it was taken to the Roswell Army Airfield. Conspiracy theorists generally do not believe the official explanation of the wreck as being that of a nuclear testing balloon. A visit to the UFO Museum and Research Centre in downtown Roswell is the best place to make up your own mind about a defining moment in history, sci-fi, fantasy, and wider popular culture. Try to time your visit to coincide with the UFO festival.

X-Files, Canada

A staple of 90s TV, the X-Files inspired many hours of the office water cooler and neighborhood pub discussions. Decades later, the show still inspires devotion among fans. If you are one of them, a vacation in Canada may be for you. Even though the X-Files was set in the US, the first five seasons were filmed in Vancouver and around British Columbia. Make no mistake, it is possible to find a few locations that were used in the filming of the series if you do some digging.

Harry Potter Studio, UK

If you attended midnight book launches and movie screenings dressed as your favorite Harry Potter character, you may want to head to Warner Bros’ Leavesden Studios in the UK. The European facility offers Harry Potter studio tours on which you can see costumes and props, and you will get a behind-the-scenes look at some of the movie’s special effects. Professor Snape’s potion laboratory is one of the sets that you can see.


Tips for Eco-Friendly Travel

As wonderful as travelling is, it is not always the most earth-friendly activity, especially when it involves long-distance flights and luxury hotels. There are ways to reduce our impact on the environment when we travel, and it does not need to be in a way that is uncomfortable or a hassle.

Faced with a rapidly changing climate, our planet needs all the help it can get. The following tips are just a few easy ways in which you can help make a difference when next you set out on an adventure.

Carbon-Clever Flying Tips

Aeroplanes are one of the worst offenders when it comes to the carbon footprints of various transport methods. It is not always possible or practical to travel the way teenage climate change activist Greta Thunberg does, which is to travel by rail, road, or sail. If you need to fly, you can do it in a way that reduces your carbon footprint.

One way is to fly economy class because doing so is five times less heavy on carbon per person. Packing light also helps, as does travelling directly to your destination.

Eat With the Locals

An eco-friendly travel tip that is also good for your budget is to eat with the locals. Instead of opting for the same boring old global brands that you can find at home, look for the establishments owned and favoured by locals.

They tend to use locally produced ingredients, rather than imported processed foods, which means a smaller carbon footprint created when getting the food from producer to the table. You can use the money to save to try your luck at online betting sites that are licensed and regulated.

Water-Wise Travelling

Many of us can remember that, just a few years ago, bottled water was almost indispensable when travelling. It is not, of course.

When travelling in countries where drinking tap water is not recommended, you can use a portable water purifier or water purification tablets. Some countries have potable water stations set up in major cities. You can find them easily with the help of apps. Remember to be water-wise when brushing your teeth and showering.

Interact With Animals Ethically

For centuries, interactions with wild animals have been tourist attractions in various countries. From organised hunts to elephant rides, human beings have exploited animals for our own senseless purposes. It is high time we focused on ethical animal interactions instead.

Ways in which you can do this is to avoid circuses, zoos, and aquariums. Instead, visit conservation and rehabilitation centres that allow animals to roam freely in their natural habitat. Avoid demonstrations or shows that let people handle animals.

Reuse and Recycle

If you have toothpaste, soap, or other bathing and personal grooming products left over at the end of your stay, it would be a crime not to take them with you, and keep using them until you have finished them – and then recycle or reuse the plastic bottles in which some of them were packaged. Another way of recycling on holiday is to take information leaflets, brochures, and maps to a tourism office so that someone else can use them.


Your offline business needs a website for these five reasons

The internet has become progressively integrated with our daily lives over the last 25 years, with the development of affordable smartphones and increasingly positive mobile browsing experiences ensuring the number of internet users is only going to increase.

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Over 30 per cent of all small- and medium-sized businesses are operating without a website, with around one in five doing so deliberately because they simply are not familiar with the plethora of opportunities the digital sphere provides. This is a great way to share your image, your ethos and spread the word about what you do. To get expert advice on just how important your image is contact a Gloucestershire Branding Agency such as Really Helpful Marketing and they will be able to give you expert advice.

It is not complicated

Registering a domain and launching a basic website can take as little as a few days. If you want to invest in something a little more complex, you could still be live and beginning to see the benefits of having your own site within just a few months.

It does not have to cost the earth

You can secure a domain for as little as a few pounds a year. Although web design is likely to be your largest investment, working with an agency with a comprehensive skillset, will always provide solid value for money.

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In addition to securing a professional digital storefront and creating a positive first impression amongst your visitors, the skills and knowledge that you will benefit from by hiring an experienced team specialising in web design and development in London will be invaluable for your business.

You are always open

Constructing a central resource your potential customers can visit to locate important pieces of information, even outside normal business hours, could be the difference between them choosing you and deciding to go to with one of your closest competitors. This could include your location and reviews or testimonials from previous customers.

Measurable metrics and adaptability

Understanding your audience is imperative. Data gathered through the successful integration of a tool such as Google Analytics within your website can provide you with invaluable metrics that you can use to inform your sales strategy and other key decisions as your business grows.

Increase your reach and stay competitive

Your physical premises may be stationary; however, a website will allow you to compete on a national and even a global level. Even if you are newly-established business, a professional website and a smart digital strategy will help you to compete in a busy marketplace and with some of the world’s biggest corporations.


The benefits of LED lights

If you’re looking for a modern light fitting then you certainly will not need to worry about the cost of the lighting or imagine that it must have a candle sitting in it if you’re choosing a chandelier! Modern lighting should come with LED lights, which have been called the future of lighting.

LED lights use a fraction of the energy of older incandescent bulbs. They also last longer and provide instant brightness when activated, without heating up period. You may have heard in the past that these lights are expensive or do not provide enough light, but fortunately, technology has improved and none of these problems holds much relevance today. Prices have come down significantly in recent years and while still pricier than the old bulbs, energy-saving properties more than makeup for it.

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Modern LED lights create light using a different process than the older-style lights. Incandescent lights pass electricity through a wire filament, while LEDs use a semi-conductor that provides light when a current is transported through it. LED is different even from other energy-saving lamps that use energy moving through mercury vapor to create UV rays. The inside of the bulb is coated with phosphors that glow in reaction to UV rays.

There are many advantages to using LED lights in your home:

The lights use 90% less energy than conventional bulbs. After a few months of use, they often pay for themselves in terms of energy cost savings.

Depending on the type of bulb and how often used, an LED lamp can last for a whopping 25 years on average. Complete your lighting looks with LED bulbs and contemporary Ceiling Roses. Find out more at

They are brightly lit straight away which means no long wait for the lighting fixtures to gradually reach full illumination.

They work just as effectively at lower temperatures while some conventional lamps do not.

Further benefits include the fact that they do not contain hazardous gases, liquids or solids, making them also friendly to the environment. The light they produce is slightly cooler than traditional bulbs and have proven to be great for growing plants! So, if you have house plants, you might do them a favor too!

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LED lights are available in various colors that can help create the perfect atmosphere that you are seeking for your lighting fixtures. They are friendly to the eye because there is no high power discharge and because they use direct light, there is also less light pollution than with conventional lamps.

For those prone to problems with sensitivity to light, LED lights do not produce flicker like other bulbs and are fully dimmable. They are also very durable, it is almost impossible to break them and they are absolutely free of rust meaning you can even use them in outdoor light fittings.

LED lights do not attract insects and produce no noise like bothersome humming or buzzing. They are also much safer than conventional bulbs because they use a low-voltage power supply. An LED light will not spontaneously combust but slowly will be dimmed, giving you plenty of time to replace it.

What to look for in a commercial kitchen

Arguably, one of the fundamental features of any commercial kitchen, whether you have just started a small business or you run a successful chain, is the oven. There are different factors to keep in mind to ensure you get the most effective and suitable option for your needs.

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The different types of oven

Commercial ovens can generally be divided into 8 different types.

An oven range will have a large internal area for cooking, plus electric or gas hobs.

Convection ovens utilize fans for quicker cooking and less shrinkage of meat, and they’re less bulky than an oven range. If you’re really short on space, a combination of the oven is versatile and multi-talented.

Conveyor ovens are ideal for quick cooking in large volumes, providing foods fit the smaller 3-5″ opening. For the best thin crust pizza results, deck ovens with a stone base are often preferred. When it comes to large quantities of potatoes, a separate potato oven is an ideal solution.

The traditional 1970s cook and hold oven is still widely used, as it produces mouth-wateringly tender meat, and gives the ability to leave foods without them overcooking, making them useful for carveries and canteens.
To get a delicious BBQ flavor indoors for the likes of steak and vegetables, charcoal ovens cook with greater heat and require no gas or electricity.

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Meanwhile, steaming ovens can quickly cook things like rice, vegetables, and fish, while locking in nutrients and preventing shrinkage, though they can’t brown or crisp foods.

For a range of commercial ovens to suit every need, choose a quality supplier that won’t break the bank.

Health and safety

The HSE details the regulations that need to be followed regarding adequate ventilation and gas safety: You’ll want to consider a means of extraction, such as canopies and extraction filters, for smoke and grease.  This will help with the heat in your kitchen as well.  The last thing you want is to be stood freezing cold, trying to work as it won’t be productive.  If this is the case a column radiators company found at links like could help you install proper radiators in the right places.

Check your requirements

Size is a crucial consideration, as the oven needs to fit in your kitchen, but it also needs to have a suitable internal capacity for your needs. Ensure you have the connections required depending on whether the oven runs on electricity, charcoal or gas. Some ovens may also need water, so when you’re measuring up for an oven, keep in mind the ability to connect to a water source.

Fascinating Café Designs from Across the World

With a diverse and huge number of cafes and coffee shops around the world, some stand out more than others for architectural uniqueness and distinctive interiors. As one of the most popular hot drinks in the world, drinking a satisfying cup of coffee can rely as much on your surroundings as the quality of the drink itself.

Here are just a few of the most interestingly designed coffee shops and cafes from across the globe:

  1. Dreamy Camera Cafe

Yangpyeong, South Korea

Inspired by a love of vintage cameras, this family from South Korea have designed and constructed an outstanding cafe to emulate a classic twin-lens vintage camera, right next to their home. Army pilot Park Sung-Hwan and his wife, a former pilot herself, made the decision to build a cafe for the family to enjoy, including their daughter, as well as local customers. Dreamy Camera is all about capturing special moments of life, living at one with nature and enjoying family life with their dog whilst welcoming customers.

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  1. Mirrors

Gifu, Japan

As you would expect, with a name like Mirrors, this otherwise nondescript cafe is covered in wall-length mirrors on the exterior, reflecting the areas iconic Cherry Blossom trees opposite. Created by Bandesign, the coffee house is located along one of the busiest tourist routes of Japan in Gifu – a certain way of welcoming tourists inside.

Camellia tree is surrounded by cream-colored gravel, while the remainder of the building is painted white to give the effect of a traditional clapboard image. It’s a perfectly balanced aesthetic with this coffee house, allowing the main focus to speak for itself. It doesn’t matter if your cafe isn’t quite as grand. Make up for it interestingly designed furniture, like the Eames Eiffel Chair from

  1. Knoll Ridge Cafe

New Zealand

This stunning café is dramatically set on the North Island Tongariro National Park, Mount Ruapehu.

What do people like about it? As well as it being on the Whakapapa mountain, part of the biggest commercial skiing area in New Zealand, but also the biggest active volcano in New Zealand. Imagine that for a drink with a breathtaking view. This design was planned after the original chalet was ruined by fire in 2009 and it didn’t take long for an architecture firm to take on the challenge to redesign.

Not only the architect must take into account the adverse weather conditions of the mountain, including winds up to 200 km/ph and temperatures below freezing, but due to the remote location, the delivery of materials and installation had to take place using helicopters.

  1. BarTopolski

London, UK

This café-bar-gallery pays homage to its former inhabitant; Polish-born artist and illustrator Feliks Topolski. It features original artwork by Topolski, meaning customers can pursue their love of art history while sipping a special house-infused spirits.

Situated near London Waterloo railway station, these are the same railway arches Topolski painted and where he exhibited many of his works, such as sketches and paintings of a wide variety of people, from Kings to Kings of Rock and Roll.

  1. The Salvaged Ring Cafe


Located next to a highway, the cafe is found in the rural area of Nha Trang, Vietnam. What makes it special is that it belongs to a joiner who rescues pieces of wood from previous projects to build this impressive structure. The first view most people get of the unusual cafe is the curved thatched roof that extends from the highway to the river bank. A single roof connects two different levels together with a softening of the rigid support structure below.

Current Thinking on Optimizing Efficiency in Food Processing

Food manufacturers are faced with daily challenges, and how to optimize efficiency and reduce waste are two of the biggest concerns that companies of every size need to juggle. Experts believe that there are a number of ways that food and beverage firms can rise to these challenges with satisfactory results.

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The Rise of Automation Technologies

When deciding which factors are key for purchasing new equipment in the food and drinks industry, trends have changed over time, from being driven by applications to focusing on financial gain. According to Process Expo companies want to make sure that when they invest in new equipment, their investment will have a strong payback in the marketplace.

For businesses seeking financial investment, equipment based on automation technologies is proving incredibly attractive. With improved efficiency, automation reduces maintenance time and employee downtime, boosting financial savings.

Tighter Budgets

With smaller budgets and every penny needing to be accounted for, food manufacturers are also under increasing pressure to spend money wisely when buying new equipment. In some cases, firms are forced to run equipment until it dies a death, but for improving efficiency, many forward-thinking companies are investing in used food processing machines.

Cleaner Systems

Experts also believe that efficiency can be achieved for food firms by using clean-in-place, or CIP, technology. Such systems enable businesses to clean equipment whilst minimising downtime and enabling production to continue during this process. Mixproof technology, for instance, has been shown to increase productivity by up to 40 percent. Even small changes to a company’s CIP systems can make a big difference to efficiency.

Clever storage

Companies are being clever about storage and there investing in Steel Shelving from companies like Rackzone and putting them all along disused walls and putting extra resources and accessories on them for speed and efficiency.

 Efficient Use of Water

Water is an integral ingredient for food manufacturers and is also essential in the cleaning process. For businesses in this sector, there’s mounting pressure to use this scarce commodity wisely. There are several strategies businesses can take to conserve water use, including the use of special pumps that optimize usage and slash maintenance, which can result in lower costs and improved efficiencies. Firms not only have a responsibility to better manage water for the sake of their business but on a global level – it’s an aspect that everyone must rally around to safeguard. According to experts, if the water is not better managed, we could face a global shortage by 2030.

Was Your Parents’ Financial Advice Simply….Wrong?

Bob Dylan’s song The Times They Are A-Changing’ highlighting generational shifts was released 55 years ago and advises mothers and fathers to avoid criticism of what they cannot understand since the order they recognize is changing. Over a half a century later the words still resonate as parents look to advise their children on their financial future.

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Foremost amongst their concerns are education and getting on the famed property ladder, from which many of them will have benefited.

Tuition Fees

As tuition fees have spiraled in the UK since they were introduced nationwide in 1998, the choice of further education options has been the subject of debate, setting degrees versus apprenticeships at the forefront of the discussion. Over a third of a million students were accepted at universities, according to the available figures from 2018.

In 2017 the Institute for Financial Studies said that students in England would graduate with debts of over £50,000, with students from poorer households incurring more, impacting their ability to purchase the property.

At the same time as the undergraduate numbers have grown, apprenticeships, including degree apprenticeships, have increasingly been seen as an option offering the opportunity to earn whilst you study. Once earning, it is vital to seek independent financial advice on how to maximize your savings, and it is never too soon to seek help. As pensions and savings plans change constantly, parents may be out of touch with the best options.

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The thousands of courses on offer at universities mean that if you are unsure what career you want to pursue, a broader course such as an Arts or Social Science degree can offer more options.

Indeed, you may be surprised to discover that apprenticeships are available in the law, accountancy and the media as an alternative to a degree. Options are due to expand, with the government committing to creating three million more apprenticeships by 2020.

Financial Advice

Given the debt which can be incurred, getting financial advice and comparing potential earnings from different courses is a recommended course of action.

With the emergence of financial software for financial advisors found at sites such as, help is at hand.

Times really have changed, and parents must be more pro-active when offering advice to their children if they are to avoid saddling them with debt which could affect their futures.